Ebook ↠ Mémoires des esclavages: La fondation d'un Centre national pour la mémoire des esclavages et de leurs abolitions Kindle Ebook Auteur ☆ douard Glissant ✓

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Le 10 mai 2001, le Parlement adoptait l unanimit une loi faisant de l esclavage un crime contre l humanit La France devenait ainsi le premier pays reconna tre l ampleur des souffrances et de l humiliation subies par des millions d hommes et de femmes travers le monde Elle reconnaissait sa part de responsabilit A l initiative du pr sident de la R publique Jacques Chirac, le 10 mai est devenu une journ e nationale consacr e la m moire de la traite n gri re, de l esclavage et de leurs abolitions Cette comm moration annuelle constitue un aboutis sement pour tous ceux qui m nent depuis longtemps le combat pour la reconnaissance de ce crime et pour l honneur des victimes Elle doit devenir le point de d part d une volont partag e de compr hension, de r conciliation et d engagement dans la lutte contre l esclavage, qui subsiste encore dans certains pays Poser les jalons de cette r flexion, pr ciser les contours du futur Centre national consacr la traite, l esclavage et ses abolitions, voil la mission qu a accept e Edouard Glissant Qui mieux que lui pouvait assumer une t che exigeant autant de lucidit et de g n rosit Comme en t moigne ce texte lumineux et polyphonique, il a su laisser vivre en lui la multitude des m moires, des souvenirs, des blessures pour atteindre le coeur de ce questionnement sur l esclavage, qui est aussi un questionnement sur l homme Car, au fondement de ce crime, il y a cette f lure de l homme qui trop souvent l a conduit jeter un doute sur l humanit de l autre A l origine de l esclavage, il y a le refus de reconna tre en l autre le m me, notre fr re, notre gal C est pour cela que les Grecs d signaient parfois l esclave du terme andropon, qui a des pieds d homme , comme pour se convaincre qu il y avait une vraie diff rence de nature entre les peuples et entre les classes sociales Contre l esclavage il n y a qu une seule arme l affirmation sans exception de l galit entre tous les hommes L histoire nous a appris qu il est inutile de comparer la gravit des crimes et la profondeur des souffrances Mais rarement une forme de violence aura t pratiqu e sur une si longue p riode et selon une organisation g ographique aussi tendue et syst matique Et si l esclavage a pu prendre des formes multiples, c est l Occident qui a mis en oeuvre sa forme la plus cruelle travers le commerce triangulaire Peu de voix se sont lev es en Europe au long des si cles pour condamner le sort atroce r serv ces hommes, ces femmes, ces enfants arrach s leurs familles, leur terre, leur culture, entass s dans des navires et vendus comme du b tail pour cultiver des terres que d autres s taient appropri es Cette n gation du respect de l homme fut m me inscrite dans notre loi avec la promulgation du Code noir en 1685 Aujourd hui la France veut regarder en face cette trag die qui a laiss tant de plaies ouvertes travers le monde et dans sa propre chair.L crivain antillais Edouard Glissant publie un trait magistral pour saluer la cr ation d un Centre national pour la m moire de l esclavage Combatif et p dagogique Sa r flexion ne s adresse pas seulement aux descendants des victimes de l esclavage mais bien tous les Fran ais C est Dominique de Villepin qui le dit dans sa pr face Il a raison Ce petit trait chatoyant ne revient pas sur les disputes Il les d passe Toute la difficult pour une nation consiste reconna tre ses fautes d hier sans se sentir fautive aujourd hui Si l oubli permet d avancer, il ne permet pas d aller bien loin L esclavage demeure une tache ind l bile, elle ne doit pas pour autant recouvrir toute l histoire d un pays Le propos d Edouard Glissant va dans ce sens Il fallait sans doute qu il provienne d un homme qui a ressenti dans sa chair cette histoire douloureuse pour que cela prenne corps Laurent Lemire Lire, juin 2007 Browse A Z M Page Dictionary Browse A to Z M Page Quickly get definitions, word origins, pronunciation and brought to you by Dictionary M Macy s Inc Stock quote CNNMoney May , Most stock quote data provided by BATS 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