Lecture ↠ Mémoires d'un protestant du Vigan : Des dragonnades au Refuge (1683-1686) Kindle Auteur Æ Jean Valat º

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Extrait de l avant propos Les dragonnades, la rvocation de l dit de Nantes, le Refuge huguenot cette squence d vnements troitement lis a suscit une srie de tmoignages et de mmoires, manuscrits ou imprims, comme cela avait t le cas au moment de la Saint Barthlemy et allait le redevenir avec l pisode camisard au dbut du XVIIIe sicle Le silence impos aux minorits vaincues est trou grce ces voix individuelles Pour des raisons matrielles et psychologiques aises dterminer, c est le plus souvent au moment de l arrive en terre trangre, mais hospitalire, ou l ore de la vieillesse sur cette mme terre, que le rfugi, voire l ancien galrien ou camisard, rdige des mmoires destins gnralement la circulation familiale Ces textes comprennent, ct d un rcit du malheur et des tribulations, et de la volont de le transmettre aux gnrations venir, l expression de la reconnaissance envers un Dieu qui a dlivr l auteur de sa captivit et l a conduit en terre promise ces mtaphores tant explicitement tires de l histoire des Hbreux dans l Ancien Testament Qu il s agisse de l histoire la plus concrte, celle des dragons, des amendes, des violences de toutes sortes, des fuites l tranger, ou d une histoire des reprsentations comment voit on un destin collectif lorsque l on est membre d une minorit perscute, puis interdite , il y a l beaucoup glaner pour qui s intresse au protestantisme franais et, au del, aux exils et diasporas qui ont contribu faire l Europe moderne On a pu remarquer, du reste, et sans que l on puisse l expliquer vraiment, que de telles relations sont relativement peu nombreuses, alors que l exil huguenot des annes 1680 1700 a concern au moins 150 000 personnes, dont bon nombre d lites une historienne amricaine en a repr une cinquantaine, souvent trs brves quelques pages pour le Refuge huguenot non compris celle que l on trouvera dans ce volume , mme s il est probable que plusieurs ont t perdues, et que d autres attendent d tre exhumes et dites L histoire du protestantisme franais doit beaucoup une petite poigne de ces textes, publis parfois ds le XVIIIe sicle 1710 1711 pour la Nmoise Madame Du Noyer, 1757 pour l ancien galrien Jean Marteilhe , le plus souvent au XIXe, et rgulirement rdits depuis, d abord chez des diteurs protestants militants, puis dans des maisons plus gnrales, comme le Mercure de France, dont le catalogue de la collection Le temps retrouv propose aujourd hui les mmoires d Isaac Dumont de Bostaquet, de J Marteilhe et de Madame Du Noyer Il est arriv que ces mmoires, rdigs en franais, aient t traduits en anglais avant d tre dits, puis aient t retraduits partir de l anglais ou, enfin, dits dans leur langue originelle tel a t le cas des mmoires de Jean Migault en 1824, et 1825 pour le franais , de Jacques Fontaine en 1838, et 1877 pour le franais , ou encore du galrien lie Neau 1699, et 1701 pour le franais et de Jean Cavalier en 17264 C est que le premier public de ces ouvrages a t celui de leurs pays d accueil, en l occurrence la Grande Bretagne ou les tats Unis d Amrique L anciennet mme des ditions de Migault, Fontaine, Martheilhe, Dumont de Bostaquet 1864 , et leur usage courant au XIXe sicle Michelet a fait grand cas des deux derniers , a transform leurs mmoires en classiques d une histoire d abord lgendaire et hagiographique martyrologique, si l on prfre , puis scientifique Saurait il y avoir, aujourd hui encore, une synthse sur le protestantisme franais qui ne recoure point ces oeuvres Ce quart a toutefois laiss dans l ombre, un peu indment, des textes qui mriteraient de les rejoindre au premier rang des grands documents sur le malheur huguenot en 1685 Ainsi de l ouvrage publi en 1698 par l avocat montpellirain Etienne Cambolive, extraordinaire rcit picaresque d une errance qui le mne, au bout de plusieurs mois, de Toulouse Genve ainsi des mmoires de Jean Valat, rdigs partir de 1690, rests indits et mme inconnus dans notre langue jusqu la prsente publication.Eckart Birnstiel est marre de confrences l universit de Toulouse Le Mirail il a dirig La Diaspora des Huguenots Les rfugis protestants de France et leur dispersion dans le monde XVIe XVIIIe sicles , Champion, 2001 Patrick Cabanel, professeur dans la mme universit, a publi de nombreux ouvrages sur l histoire du protestantisme et des Cvennes M Define M at Dictionary M definition, the thirteenth letter of the English alphabet, a consonant See MM S Official Website Home MM S Chocolate Candy Official website Chocolate fun with MM S, America s favorite spokescandies, free online games, MM S Racing, chocolate candy recipes and Personalized Gifts, Party Favors, Candies from MyMMs Unique personalized gifts for all occasions Need a custom gift for a special person or milestone event Create personalized gifts and party favors by visiting MyMMs Mark Douglass m Twitter The latest Tweets from Mark Douglass m % of m mentions are incorrect and I ve basically stopped checking them, sorry Like RT Follow Endorsement PS Not interested in parting with m M IMDb 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