Télécharger æ Guide - bhoutan Ebook Auteur ↠ Fran oise Pommaret ↠

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Extrait de l introduction Le Bhoutan O est ce , voil la question qui est pos e dans la plupart des cas lorsqu on annonce que l on vit au Bhoutan Pour la majorit des gens, le Bhoutan est encore un pays inconnu Le Bhoutan ne fait pas la une des journaux Mais depuis quelques ann es, les articles sur le Bonheur national Brut BNB , le jeune roi et la d mocratisation du royaume se sont multipli s et le pays est devenu une sorte de destination la mode Une sorte de club d initi s suit attentivement les v nements qui s y d roulent en lisant les journaux disponibles sur internet, tweeter, les blogs et forums ou en changeant les nouvelles Certaines personnes se sont rendues au Bhoutan en voyages professionnels, d autres en tant qu invit s officiels, d autres encore en touristes mais tous sont revenus charm s par ce pays discret et secret, mais maintenant bien ancr dans la modernit Le Bhoutan n est donc pas une sorte de Disneyland himalayen fig dans le pass pour la distraction des visiteurs Nich dans l Himalaya oriental entre l Inde et la Chine Tibet , peu peupl peine 650000 habitants , plus petit que la Suisse, le Bhoutan poss de un charme ind niable, magique diront les fanatiques de ce pays Les montagnes y sont grandioses, les for ts paisses, les gens charmants F air y est pur et cristallin, l architecture grandiose, la religion passionnante, l art magnifique Il n y a pas de mendiants, une criminalit encore faible et le visiteur se sent en s curit Clich s publicitaires, se moquera t on, un guide se doit de vanter un pays Non, le plus surprenant est que tout cela est vrai Pour le visiteur occasionnel, le Bhoutan voque Shangri la, ce pays mythique cach au coeur des montagnes Mais les Bhoutanais, s ils sont conscients qu ils vivent dans un pays privil gi entour de nations en proie de terrifiants probl mes conomiques et sociaux, savent qu ils ne vivent pas Shangri la La r alit quotidienne ne leur permet pas de r ver t ches m nag res, travaux des champs, soins aux b tes, beaucoup m nent la dure vie des paysans qui ne poss dent que peu de machines agricoles Les f tes religieuses, les p lerinages ou les r jouissances la ques sont leurs seuls moments de repos, des pauses attendues qui ponctuent le calendrier En zones urbaines, joindre les deux bouts chaque mois, l inflation et l cole des enfants sont les pr occupations de la majorit , m me s il existe aujourd hui une bourgeoisie tr s ais e Une population qui vit 60% de l agriculture et de l levage fait du Bhoutan un pays rural qui n a que peu d industries, except dans sa partie m ridionale, et ses centrales hydro lectriques Le paysage pastoral est d une beaut parfois irr elle pour le voyageur venu de pays industrialis s maisons peintes de motifs color s y compris des phallus , et aux toits de bardeaux, patchwork des rizi res, fauve des champs de sarrasin, bois de ch nes, ponts couverts, barri res de bambous tress s, homme appuy une barre de bois et foulant sa r colte, femme tissant sous un auvent, b b ficel dans une sacoche accroch e au flanc d un cheval, yaks paissant dans un bosquet de rhododendrons g ants Autant de vignettes qui s impriment jamais dans le souvenir Mais les images les plus fortes restent celles associ es la religion Les monuments religieux scandent le paysage monuments comm moratifs appel s chorten, drapeaux pri res, moulins pri res actionn s par un ruisseau, monast res La religion bouddhique est omnipr sente et ses principes dictent les attitudes et les modes de pens e Que ce soient les moines drap s dans leur robe rouge, les grands lamas, ou les simples religieux de village, tous sont conscients de l influence morale et spirituelle qu ils exercent aupr s de la population ils pr sident en toutes occasions promotions, mariages, d parts en voyage, c r monies officielles, sans parler du r le fondamental qu ils jouent lors des initiations religieuses, b n dictions collectives ou f tes Cette importance est encore soulign e par le fait que le Bhoutan consid re le bouddhisme Mahayana dans sa forme tantrique comme la religion qui a donn son identit historique au pays Le d partement de la Culture au sein du minist re de l Int rieur et de la Culture est charg de veiller l identit culturelle du pays La commission consulte toute la population, tant rurale qu urbaine, afin de maintenir vivace ce pr cieux esprit bhoutanais tel qu il existe depuis des centaines d ann es Ce texte fait r f rence l dition Broch.Situ dans l Himalaya oriental, entour de voisins puissants l Inde et la Chine , le Bhoutan est pour beaucoup le Shangri la, ce pays mythique cach dans les montagnes Peu peupl moins d un million d habitants , grand comme la Suisse, le Bhoutan poss de un charme ind niable, magique diront les amoureux de ce pays Loin de l agitation touristique le gouvernement pratique une politique tr s restrictive en mati re de tourisme afin de prot ger les valeurs traditionnelles locales , les Bhoutanais sont juste titre fiers de ne jamais avoir t colonis s Agriculteurs pour la plupart, ils pratiquent le bouddhisme tib tain, religion d tat qui joue un r le important dans leur vie quotidienne Ce guide, crit par une ethno historienne fran aise, chercheur au CNRS Paris et r sidant r guli rement dans le royaume, constitue une introduction passionnante la culture bhoutanaise et sera le compagnon indispensable du voyageur sur place Guide Define Guide at Dictionary Guide definition, to assist a person to travel through, or reach a destination in, an unfamiliar area, as by accompanying or giving directions to the person He Guide Synonyms, Guide Antonyms Thesaurus Synonyms for guide at Thesaurus with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions Dictionary and Word of the Day Discover the Right Product Guide Guide Creates The Best Product Reviews and Lists to Help you Make Smarter Buying Decisions The Guide Classifieds Your choice for classified advertising on Delmvarva for over years TV Guide Listings Find local TV shows and movie schedules Choose a day and time 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