Psychologie ✓ Télécharger Géopolitique de l'Arabie Saoudite ePUB Auteur Olivier Da Lage

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Les contraintes g ostrat giques Le royaume d Arabie Saoudite occu pe les quatre cinqui mes de la P ninsule arabique En l absence de fronti res reconnues et d marqu es, les estimations varient quant sa superficie entre 2150 000 et 2 240000 km Coinc entre deux axes de communication mill naires, le coeur de l Arabie Saoudite est le ventre mou de la P ninsule l Est, le golfe Persique que les Arabes insistent pour appeler golfe Arabe qui assure la liaison entre le Croissant fertile et l Orient asiatique, une fois franchi le fameux d troit d Ormuz qui en commande l acc s l Ouest, la mer Rouge qui, faisant communiquer le Y men ou l Ethiopie travers l Egypte avec la M diterran e avant m me que le canal de Suez ne soit perc n oublie pas de baigner le Hedjaz sur plus de 1 800 kilom tres Djeddah, port naturel de La Mecque par lequel sont arriv es des g n rations de p lerins, reste un centre commercial et une escale tr s active aujourd hui encore L troite plaine de la Tihama, le long de la mer Rouge, est bord e par d impo sants escarpements pouvant atteindre 1 500 m tres d altitude dans le Hedjaz et jusqu 3000 m tres dans l Assir, pr s de la fronti re y m nite l int rieur de la P ninsule, cette cha ne de montagnes est prolong e par un plateau aride et d sertique qui d passe 1 000 m tres d altitude dans la r gion centrale du Nejd Plus l Est, le plateau prend bru talement fin pour d boucher sur des basses terres, la plaine c ti re du Golfe Riche de son p trole, presque exclu sivement situ dans la r gion du Golfe, l Arabie est peu peupl e Cette grande richesse, combin e une faible population, est un atout pour ses habitants qui jouissent de l un des revenus par habi tant les plus lev s de la plan te Mais il rend le royaume tr s vuln rable aux app tits des puissances r gionales.Les attentats du 11 Septembre ont oblig les dirigeants saoudiens remettre en cause les fondements de la politique qui r git l Arabie Saoudite depuis sa fondation en 1932 Les relations avec les tats Unis, qui reposaient sur l accord p trole contre s curit ont t fortement branl es Dans le Golfe, le royaume doit se faire l id e d une perte d influence dans les monarchies p troli res qui s appuient pr sent sur la protection am ricaine L apparition au d but des ann es 2000 d un terrorisme jihadiste a conduit une profonde remise en cause le tabou autour du dogme wahhabite est lev , les terroristes s en r clamant sont d sormais combattus ouvertement Sous le r gne d Abdallah, la r forme est officiellement l ordre du jour, mais son rythme est tr s lent Le retour de la manne p troli re n a pas fait dispara tre le besoin d adapter l conomie Le gouffre risque donc de se creuser davantage encore entre les quelques dizaines de princes qui dirigent vraiment le pays et la population La cl du changement est sans doute chercher dans la fa on dont se fera le saut de g n ration entre les fils d Ibn Saoud et ses petits fils, dont l mergence au premier plan de la sc ne politique entra nera une nouvelle donne politique Que celle ci soit ou non adapt e la situation int rieure et r gionale de l Arabie Saoudite sera d terminant pour la p rennit d une dynastie condamn e, t t ou tard, s adapter pour survivre Olivier Da Lage est chef du service international de RFI, apr s avoir t , entre autres, r dacteur en chef adjoint RMC Moyen Orient, ou correspondant freelance dans le Golfe, dans les ann es 1980 Il est l auteur de nombreux articles sur le Moyen Orient et le journalisme Google Search the world s information, including webpages, images, videos and Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you re looking for G Wikipedia G named gee d i is the th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet Browse A Z G Page Dictionary Browse A to Z G Page Quickly get definitions, word origins, pronunciation and brought to you by Dictionary Urban Dictionary G A gangster A thousand dollars A title of endearment G definition of G by The Free Dictionary G j A trademark for a movie rating 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Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you re looking for G Wikipedia G named gee d i is the th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet Browse A Z G Page Dictionary Browse A to Z G Page Quickly get definitions, word origins, pronunciation and brought to you by Dictionary Urban Dictionary G A gangster A thousand dollars A title of endearment G definition of G by The Free Dictionary G j A trademark for a movie rating indicating that admission will be granted to persons of all ages G j n Slang One thousand dollars lost twenty Gs at the g Wiktionary Apr , Uppercase and lowercase G in Fraktur Pronunciation g The seventh letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script Roberto Nickson g Instagram photos and videos k Followers, Following, Posts See Instagram photos and videos from Roberto Nickson g Google Account Protect your account in just a few minutes by reviewing your security settings and activity GGG Tactical Rifle Accessories Military Assault Rifle GGG is an established manufacturer of tactical rifle accessories We specialize in AR , M, and Remington Shotgun parts for military, police, and sporting applications Meet Google Drive One place for all your files Google Drive is a free way to keep your files backed up and easy to reach from any phone, tablet, or computer Start with GB of Google storage free Google Search the world s information, including webpages, images, videos and Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you re looking for G Wikipedia G named gee d i is the th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet Browse A Z G Page Dictionary Browse A to Z G Page Quickly get definitions, word origins, pronunciation and brought to you by Dictionary Urban Dictionary G A gangster A thousand dollars A title of endearment G definition of G by The Free Dictionary G j A trademark for a movie rating indicating that admission will be granted to persons of all ages G j n Slang One thousand dollars lost twenty Gs at the g Wiktionary Apr , Uppercase and lowercase G in Fraktur Pronunciation g The seventh letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script Roberto Nickson g Instagram photos and videos k Followers, Following, Posts See Instagram photos and videos from Roberto Nickson g Google Account Protect your account in just a few minutes by reviewing your security settings and activity GGG Tactical Rifle Accessories Military Assault Rifle GGG is an established manufacturer of tactical rifle accessories We specialize in AR , M, and Remington Shotgun parts for military, police, and sporting applications Meet Google Drive One place for all your files Google Drive is a free way to keep your files backed up and easy to reach from any phone, tablet, or computer Start with GB of Google storage free Google Search the world s information, including webpages, images, videos and Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you re looking for G Wikipedia G named gee d i is the th 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