☆ Biélorussie mécanique d'une dictature: Mécanique d'une dictature ✓ Kindle par ð Jean Charles Lallemand librairie en ligne

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Extrait de l avant propos Une dictature qui dure En juillet 1994, aprs avoir t lu au suffrage universel, Alexandre Loukachenka devient le premier prsident de la Bilorussie indpendante post sovitique Les plus optimistes affirment qu il n en a pas pour longtemps Il est pourtant rlu le 9 septembre 2001, lors d un scrutin qui, de l avis de son opposition et des observateurs internationaux, est entach de fraudes Le 19 mars 2006, lors d une mascarade laquelle seul le pouvoir peut donner le nom d lection prsidentielle, Loukachenka s arroge de faon autoritaire un troisime mandat illgal, revendiquant 83 % des suffrages ds le premier tour Paralllement, il engage les forces de l ordre maltraiter ses opposants et les simples citoyens descendus dans les rues de Minsk, la capitale, pour exiger la tenue d une lection libre et honnte Aprs douze annes de rgne, la forfaiture du 19 mars 2006 prfigure les cinq annes venir Elle s inscrit dans la longue liste des atteintes aux principes fondamentaux de la dmocratie, dans ce pays que la presse occidentale qualifie dsormais de dernire dictature d Europe Encore faut il s entendre sur le terme dictature, qu on a tendance, instinctivement, n employer que pour des rgimes dont les dirigeants sont des militaires ayant pris le pouvoir par la force ou des responsables de milliers, voire de millions, de morts Certes, la Bilorussie n est ni l Allemagne hitlrienne, ni l Union sovitique stalinienne, ni le Chili de Pinochet, l Argentine des Gnraux ou la Serbie de Milosevic Son prsident n est mme pas coupable d autant de morts que la Russie de Vladimir Poutine, responsable de la guerre en Tchtchnie Elle n en est pas moins une dictature, si nous concevons le terme comme l oppos de la dmocratie un rgime autoritaire tabli dans le cas prsent par une seule personne, qui n entend s affilier aucun parti, le prsident Alexandre Loukachenka.Des lections truques une opposition politique touffe des journalistes, des syndicalistes et des artistes musels des dissidents emprisonns, diffams, voire assassins La Bilorussie est bel et bien une dictature classique Mais le rgime autoritaire du prsident Alexandre Loukachenka est aussi une dictature ancre dans son temps, o le culte de l tat et de l conomie administre coexiste avec des formes de capitalisme dbrid Au del des discours convenus sur l indpassable hritage sovitique , les auteurs montrent ce qui a permis l installation d un tel rgime et son maintien depuis plus de douze ans fonctionnement du pouvoir, fondements idologiques, dynamiques sociales et culturelles, instrumentalisation des crises diplomatiques Ils fournissent en mme temps un mode d emploi trs prcis du processus dictatorial et s interrogent sur l avenir de ce pays un scnario l ukrainienne ou la gorgienne est il envisageable La crise sur les approvisionnements de gaz et de ptrole russes, qui a clat fin 2006, va t elle dstabiliser le rgime La socit civile est elle capable de susciter un virage dmocratique D o viendra le changement 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