☆ Afghanistan, opium de guerre, opium de paix (Documents) ↠ Auteur ✓ Alain Labrousse Horreur

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En Afghanistan, l opium a financ les guerres au cours des trois dernires dcennies L opium sera t il un obstacle la paix ou y contribuera t il La russite de la reconstruction du pays dpend d un dfi conomique et politique unique L conomie de la drogue reprsente, en effet, environ 60 % du PIB chiffre qui n a t gal par aucun autre pays, pas mme par la Colombie, premier producteur mondial de cocane, dont la part n excda jamais les 7% La situation indite de l Afghanistan invite donc s interroger non seulement sur le rle que la production et le commerce de l opium jouent dans une conomie de post conflit dvaste, mais aussi sur l influence qu ils peuvent avoir dans le processus complexe de reconstruction de l Etat Plusieurs responsables de gouvernements occidentaux et d organisations internationales s accordent dire qu il ne faut pas ngliger le risque rel que l Afghanistan, premier producteur mondial d opiacs depuis une dizaine d annes, devienne un narco tat D autres observateurs estiment que cette situation n a pas que des effets ngatifs, du moins court terme Dans la mesure o les campagnes anti drogue se rvleraient efficaces, une baisse trs sensible de cette ressource ne risquerait elle pas de dstabiliser le pays Le prsident Hamid Karza s est engag devant la communaut internationale lutter contre la culture du pavot, mais le niveau de la production reste fies lev Alain Labrousse revient sur l histoire rcente de la production d opium laquelle prirent part les seigneurs de guerre et les taliban aujourd hui acteurs sur le nouvel chiquier politique pour mieux clairer les enjeux tant nationaux qu internationaux devant lesquels le pays est plac Car, pour de nombreux pays occidentaux, la guerre la drogue est une justification supplmentaire pour intervenir en Afghanistan.Journaliste et sociologue, Alain Labrousse est l auteur de nombreux ouvrages sur les drogues, fruits de vritables enqutes de terrain, particulirement en Amrique du Sud, enAfrique de l Ouest et en Afghanistan Au dbut des annes 1990, il a fond l Observatoire gopolitique des drogues OGD Son dernier livre, Gopolitique des drogues PUF, Que sais je , a paru en 2004 Opium production has set another record in Afghanistan Despite increased eradication efforts, opium cultivation and production both hit record levels in the country this year UNODC Afghanistan The Afghanistan Opium Survey Release The Afghanistan Opium Survey was released jointly by the Ministry of Counter Narcotics,UNODC Country Office for Afghanistan, Independent Directorate of Local Governance IDLG and Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan CNPA at the Government Media and Information Center Economy of Afghanistan Wikipedia The economy of Afghanistan has had significant improvement in the last decade due to the infusion of billions of dollars in international Opium poppy production increasing in Afghanistan After years of war in Afghanistan, the government there and its allies from the US and elsewhere have had little success staunching the flow of opium and heroin out of the South Asian country According to recent data from the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan Afghanistan Wikipdia L Afghanistan en tant qu tat commence exister en Cette date correspond la dislocation de l Empire perse afsharide, aprs la mort de l empereur Ndir Chh de Afghanistan US Department of State Home Page More information about Afghanistan is available on the Afghanistan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency Country ILLICIT DRUGS Afghanistan world s largest producer of opium poppy cultivation increased percent, to , hectares in while eradication increased slightly, it still remains well below levels achieved in the crop yielded an estimated , mt of raw opium, a % increase over the Taliban and other Afghanistan US Agency for International Development USAID is helping Afghanistan become a responsible and integrated member of the region and the world Great strides have been made in health and education, bringing Afghans back into economic and civic life UNODC Crop Monitoring UNODC works with the main drug growing countries in the world Colombia, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia for coca, Afghanistan, the Lao People s Democratic Republic and Myanmar for opium and Morocco for cannabis to monitor the extent and evolution of illicit crops The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency For than , years, Kabul has occupied a strategic location along Central and Southern Asian trade routes In the late eighteenth century, Kabul was established as Afghanistan s capitalIn this false color satellite image vegetation appears fluorescent green, urban areas range in color from gray to black, and bare ground varies in color opium Drug, Physiological Actions, History Opium Opium, narcotic drug obtained from the unripe seedpods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum Afghanistan New World Encyclopedia Afgh nist n, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Pashto language , or Persian language , is a landlocked country located in the heart of Asia US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, Million Loss in Afghanistan in Months GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA AFP File SPENCER PLATT Feb Heroin production in Afghanistan has RISEN % Daily The West is losing the heroin war in Afghanistan ten years after Tony Blair pledged that wiping out the drug was one of the main reasons for invading the country Despite spending billion and a conflict which has so far cost the lives of almost British troops, production of the class A UNODC Afghanistan The Afghanistan Opium Survey Release The Afghanistan Opium Survey was released jointly by the Ministry of Counter Narcotics,UNODC Country Office for Afghanistan, Independent Directorate of Local Governance IDLG and Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan CNPA at the Government Media and Information Center Economy of Afghanistan Wikipedia The economy of Afghanistan has had significant improvement in the last decade due to the infusion of billions of dollars in international Opium poppy production increasing in Afghanistan After years of war in Afghanistan, the government there and its allies from the US and elsewhere have had little success staunching the flow of opium and heroin out of the South Asian country According to recent data from the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan Afghanistan Wikipdia L Afghanistan en tant qu tat commence exister en Cette date correspond la dislocation de l Empire perse afsharide, aprs la mort de l empereur Ndir Chh de Afghanistan US Department of State Home Page More information about Afghanistan is available on the Afghanistan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency Country ILLICIT DRUGS Afghanistan world s largest producer of opium poppy cultivation increased percent, to , hectares in while eradication increased slightly, it still remains well below levels achieved in the crop yielded an estimated , mt of raw opium, a % increase over the Taliban and other Afghanistan US Agency for International Development USAID is helping Afghanistan become a responsible and integrated member of the region and the world Great strides have been made in health and education, bringing Afghans back into economic and civic life UNODC Crop Monitoring UNODC works with the main drug growing countries in the world Colombia, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia for coca, Afghanistan, the Lao People s Democratic Republic and Myanmar for opium and Morocco for cannabis to monitor the extent and evolution of illicit crops The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency For than , years, Kabul has occupied a strategic location along Central and Southern Asian trade routes In the late eighteenth century, Kabul was established as Afghanistan s capitalIn this false color satellite image vegetation appears fluorescent green, urban areas range in color from gray to black, and bare ground varies in color opium Drug, Physiological Actions, History Opium Opium, narcotic drug obtained from the unripe seedpods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum Afghanistan New World Encyclopedia Afgh nist n, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Pashto language , or Persian language , is a landlocked country located in the heart of Asia US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, Million Loss in Afghanistan in Months GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA AFP File SPENCER PLATT Feb Heroin production in Afghanistan has RISEN % Daily The West is losing the heroin war in Afghanistan ten years after Tony Blair pledged that wiping out the drug was one of the main reasons for invading the country Despite spending billion and a conflict which has so far cost the lives of almost British troops, production of the class A Afghanistan Wikipedia Pasjtoe Oezbeeks Turkmeens Beloetsji Noeristani Pasjai Bij het begin van de e eeuw telde Afghanistan ongeveer vier miljoen inwoners dat aantal is nu verachtvoudigd Economy of Afghanistan Wikipedia The economy of Afghanistan has had significant improvement in the last decade due to the infusion of billions of dollars in international Opium poppy production increasing in Afghanistan After years of war in Afghanistan, the government there and its allies from the US and elsewhere have had little success staunching the flow of opium and heroin out of the South Asian country According to recent data from the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan Afghanistan Wikipdia L Afghanistan en tant qu tat commence exister en Cette date correspond la dislocation de l Empire perse afsharide, aprs la mort de l empereur Ndir Chh de Afghanistan US Department of State Home Page More information about Afghanistan is available on the Afghanistan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency Country ILLICIT DRUGS Afghanistan world s largest producer of opium poppy cultivation increased percent, to , hectares in while eradication increased slightly, it still remains well below levels achieved in the crop yielded an estimated , mt of raw opium, a % increase over the Taliban and other Afghanistan US Agency for International Development USAID is helping Afghanistan become a responsible and integrated member of the region and the world Great strides have been made in health and education, bringing Afghans back into economic and civic life UNODC Crop Monitoring UNODC works with the main drug growing countries in the world Colombia, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia for coca, Afghanistan, the Lao People s Democratic Republic and Myanmar for opium and Morocco for cannabis to monitor the extent and evolution of illicit crops The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency For than , years, Kabul has occupied a strategic location along Central and Southern Asian trade routes In the late eighteenth century, Kabul was established as Afghanistan s capitalIn this false color satellite image vegetation appears fluorescent green, urban areas range in color from gray to black, and bare ground varies in color opium Drug, Physiological Actions, History Opium Opium, narcotic drug obtained from the unripe seedpods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum Afghanistan New World Encyclopedia Afgh nist n, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Pashto language , or Persian language , is a landlocked country located in the heart of Asia US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, Million Loss in Afghanistan in Months GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA AFP File SPENCER PLATT Feb Heroin production in Afghanistan has RISEN % Daily The West is losing the heroin war in Afghanistan ten years after Tony Blair pledged that wiping out the drug was one of the main reasons for invading the country Despite spending billion and a conflict which has so far cost the lives of almost British troops, production of the class A Afghanistan Wikipedia Pasjtoe Oezbeeks Turkmeens Beloetsji Noeristani Pasjai Bij het begin van de e eeuw telde Afghanistan ongeveer vier miljoen inwoners dat aantal is nu verachtvoudigd Politics of Heroin Organized Crime The Politics of Heroin CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, Afghanistan, Southeast Asia, Central America Alfred W McCoy Chicago Lawrence Hill, Opium poppy production increasing in Afghanistan After years of war in Afghanistan, the government there and its allies from the US and elsewhere have had little success staunching the flow of opium and heroin out of the South Asian country According to recent data from the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan Afghanistan Wikipdia L Afghanistan en tant qu tat commence exister en Cette date correspond la dislocation de l Empire perse afsharide, aprs la mort de l empereur Ndir Chh de Afghanistan US Department of State Home Page More information about Afghanistan is available on the Afghanistan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency Country ILLICIT DRUGS Afghanistan world s largest producer of opium poppy cultivation increased percent, to , hectares in while eradication increased slightly, it still remains well below levels achieved in the crop yielded an estimated , mt of raw opium, a % increase over the Taliban and other Afghanistan US Agency for International Development USAID is helping Afghanistan become a responsible and integrated member of the region and the world Great strides have been made in health and education, bringing Afghans back into economic and civic life UNODC Crop Monitoring UNODC works with the main drug growing countries in the world Colombia, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia for coca, Afghanistan, the Lao People s Democratic Republic and Myanmar for opium and Morocco for cannabis to monitor the extent and evolution of illicit crops The World Factbook Central Intelligence Agency For than , years, Kabul has occupied a strategic location along Central and Southern Asian trade routes In the late eighteenth century, Kabul was established as Afghanistan s capitalIn this false color satellite image vegetation appears fluorescent green, urban areas range in color from gray to black, and bare ground varies in color opium Drug, Physiological Actions, History Opium Opium, narcotic drug obtained from the unripe seedpods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum Afghanistan New World Encyclopedia Afgh nist n, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Pashto language , or Persian language , is a landlocked country located in the heart of Asia US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, US Colonel Taliban Heroin Labs Destroyed, Million Loss in Afghanistan in Months GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA AFP File SPENCER PLATT Feb Heroin production in Afghanistan has RISEN % Daily The West is losing the heroin war in Afghanistan ten years after Tony Blair pledged that wiping out the drug was one of the main reasons for invading the country Despite spending billion and a conflict which has so far cost the lives of almost British troops, production of the class A Afghanistan Wikipedia Pasjtoe Oezbeeks Turkmeens Beloetsji Noeristani Pasjai Bij het begin van de e eeuw telde Afghanistan ongeveer vier miljoen inwoners dat aantal is nu verachtvoudigd Politics of Heroin Organized Crime The Politics of Heroin CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, Afghanistan, Southeast Asia, Central America Alfred W McCoy Chicago Lawrence Hill, Opium Wikipedia Opium is het ingedroogde melksap van de opiumpapaver of slaapbol Papaver somniferum somniferum betekent slaap brengend , dat een aantal alkaloden bevat waarvan codene, morfine, noscapine en papaverine de belangrijkste zijn

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